Study Details for:
Rashid, Sonja (2004). Evaluating a transitional living program for homeless, former foster care youth, Research on Social Work Practice 14 (4): 240-248.

Study URL: Not available

Evaluation: Youth Transitional Living Program

Program Studied: Avenues to Independence + Hire Up
See Study Characteristics tab below for more information about this program.

Strength of Evidence: 3-Low Low (1 of 3)

Populations Targeted Homeless, Young adults
Setting Urban only
Services Provided Case management, Education, Employment retention services, Financial incentives or sanctions, Supportive services, Work readiness activities


This study had a low evidence rating and the review has little confidence that its reported effects can be attributed to the approach it tested, so findings from this study are not listed.

Study Characteristics

Group Formation Homeless youth (ages 18 to 23) who participated in a supportive residential program, who were physically and mentally healthy enough to hold a full-time position but had no other stable housing alternatives were eligible for the Avenues to Independence residential program. Those who entered Avenues to Independence in 1998, after Hire Up (an on-site job readiness, placement, and mentoring program) launched, formed the treatment group and those who participated in ATI before Hire Up was available formed the control group.
Strength of Evidence Description Low; this is a quasi-experimental design in which the study groups did not have an equivalent earnings history, and for which authors did not statistically control for baseline measures of the outcomes.